Is There a Connection Between Herpes, HIV, and AIDS?


People dwelling with herpes simplex virus (HSV) usually tend to contract HIV. Similarly, folks dwelling with HIV usually tend to contract HSV. But one doesn’t trigger the opposite.
HSV is a virus that may trigger ulcerative pores and skin illness, says reproductive well being specialist Felice Gersh, MD, writer of “PCOS SOS: A Gynecologist’s Lifeline To Naturally Restore Your Rhythms, Hormones, and Happiness.”
HSV may cause episodic outbreaks of blisters. Open sores or breaks within the pores and skin make it simpler for different viruses to enter the physique.
“Herpes can also alter the microbiome of the vagina and anus, which make them less adept at fighting off foreign invaders and pathogens,” says Gersh.
HIV is a virus that assaults your immune system. This impacts your physique’s skill to defend towards different sicknesses.
“Both HIV and HSV are sexually transmitted diseases, so having one does increase your risk of acquiring the other if you’re exposed,” explains Dr. Kimberly Langdon, a retired OB-GYN with 19 years of medical expertise.
Undiagnosed or untreated HIV can progress to AIDS, which is usually referred to as late-stage HIV, says Langdon.

Other causes and danger components to think about

Other causes and danger components to think about
Anything that will increase your danger of coming into contact with a sexually transmitted an infection (STI) or illness (STD) will improve your danger of contracting HSV or HIV.
While herpes is primarily transmitted by way of skin-to-skin contact, HIV will be transmitted by way of bodily fluids, says Gersh. “That means you can increase your risk of contracting HIV if you use or share needles, syringes, or other [unsterilized] drug equipment.”
These days, it’s uncommon for a person who checks optimistic for HIV to ever develop AIDS, in line with Gersh. “Modern HIV medicine is extraordinarily effective at managing the virus so that it doesn’t become AIDS,” she says.
As such, your danger of growing AIDS will increase for those who contract HIV and don’t obtain immediate medical therapy, says Monte Swarup, MD, OB-GYN, founding father of the main well being data website Vaginal Health Hub.

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Living with one situation and decreasing your danger of growing the opposite

Living with one situation and decreasing your danger of growing the opposite
If you’re dwelling with HSV, taking antiviral treatment — comparable to ​​acyclovir, famciclovir, and valacyclovir — may also help forestall or shorten outbreaks.
There are additionally a variety of residence cures and way of life modifications which you could adapt that will assist ease your signs and scale back your danger of an outbreak.
When your pores and skin is freed from lesions, you’re much less more likely to contract HIV do you have to come into contact with it.
“Another option for reducing the risk of contracting HIV, whether you have HSV or not, is to talk with your doctor about PrEP,” says Langdon.
Preexposure prophylaxis or PrEP is a day by day oral treatment that helps scale back your danger of contracting HIV, she explains.
If you’re dwelling with HIV, antiretroviral remedy (ART) may also help. “ART can make the virus undetectable and restore immune function,” explains Gersh.
When HIV is undetectable, it might’t progress to AIDS, she says. You’re additionally much less more likely to contract HSV or one other sickness when your immune system is restored.

Reducing your danger of HIV and HSV

Reducing your danger of HIV and HSV
The smartest thing you are able to do to cut back your danger of HSV and HIV is to follow safer intercourse, says Swarup.
Common safer intercourse practices embrace:
Using condoms and different barrier strategies throughout all sexual exercise.
Staying updated in your STI standing.
Talking with potential or present companions about their STI standing.
Abstaining from sexual exercise with people who find themselves presently experiencing an outbreak or who will not be adhering to therapy for an STI or STD
Discussing PrEP with a healthcare skilled and starting preventive therapy.
You may scale back your danger of HIV by utilizing sterile gear to arrange or inject subcutaneous medicines and intravenous (IV) substances.

Is There a Connection Between Herpes, HIV, and AIDS? dietbab healthinfo

When to contact a physician or get examined

When to contact a physician or get examined
If there’s any probability that you just’ve been uncovered to HIV or one other sexually transmitted situation, contact a healthcare skilled to get examined.
This is especially essential for those who develop any new or uncommon signs related to HIV, together with:
sore throat
night time sweats
lack of urge for food
If it’s been lower than 72 hours (3 days) since potential HIV publicity, speak with a healthcare skilled instantly.
They can prescribe postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) to assist scale back the danger of an infection. PEP have to be began inside 72 hours (3 days) to be efficient. PEP medicines are taken day by day for 28 days.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) solely recommends testing for HSV for those who’re experiencing genital lesions or sores. Increased discharge, painful urination, and different genital signs may very well be an indication of a distinct STI.

The backside line

The backside line
People dwelling with HSV usually tend to contract HIV and vice versa. However, there are a variety of sexual well being precautions you’ll be able to take to assist scale back the chance of coming into contact with both virus.
If you assume you’ve been uncovered to HSV or HIV, contact a healthcare skilled to study extra.
Gabrielle Kassel (she/her) is a queer intercourse educator and wellness journalist who’s dedicated to serving to folks really feel the most effective they’ll of their our bodies. In addition to professional, her work has appeared in publications comparable to Shape, Cosmopolitan, Well+Good, Health, Self, Women’s Health, Greatist, and extra! In her free time, Gabrielle will be discovered teaching CrossFit, reviewing pleasure merchandise, mountain climbing together with her border collie, or recording episodes of the podcast she co-hosts referred to as Bad In Bed. Follow her on Instagram @Gabriellekassel.

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